Complete Guide To Wearing Face Masks

Complete Guide To Wearing Face Masks

The New York Times and Washington Post have now come around to a place I advocated for here on Medium last week: We should all be wearing masks. Not just health care workers, however ALL of us. At any time when we go out in public.
Why?
Because they work.
Analysis from the SARS outbreak in 2003 shows that washing arms 10+ times every day was 55% efficient in stopping virus transmission; wearing a masks was actually more effective, reducing transmission by about 68%.
Combining multiple forms of protection — hand washing, mask wearing, gloves, and one other layer of outerwear (gowning) — was 91% effective.
Read that again: 91% effective at stopping virus transmission.
COVID-19 and SARS are comparable types of viruses (coronaviruses), and it is smart that what works to cease transmission for one will work to stop transmission of the other.
Masks work, first, because they are a physical barrier to whatever’s using alongside on that air you’re breathing or moving through. Here’s a chart showing the relative barrier effectiveness for varied materials:

Secondly, they work because they maintain you from touching your face all day long. The mask makes you more self-aware of the fact that you’re not supposed to touch your face- specifically, your mouth, nostril, and eyes, and the areas around them- and should you by accident do, you’ll contact the mask, not your skin directly.
Third, the expertise of other countries who mask show that masks work in the real world. In the words of Jeremy Howard, researcher and Masks4All activist, explaining a chart in his latest Youtube video showing how some countries have successfully "flattened the curve" on new infections: "Should you have a look at all of the international locations which have flat curves, they're international locations the place mask-wearing is extremely regular, and NOT wearing a masks in places like public transport can be considered anti-social." He notes that the Czech Republic went from zero masks usage to 100% in 10 days, and in the process they halted the expansion of new covid-19 cases. The Czechs made their own masks- the federal government didn’t give them out.


If you still should be persuaded, check out this Chinese research of an area outbreak case on January 22 through the peak Lunar New Year journey season. A sick person on the bus who did not work together with anybody spread the virus to 7 others, a few of whom have been seated much more than 6 ft away. Two new passengers caught the virus 30 minutes after the unique sick person had left the bus. NONE OF THE PEOPLE WEARING MASKS WERE INFECTED. Read the article, it’s very detailed, with a schematic of precisely the place individuals had been sitting on the bus.
So let’s say you’re satisfied, and now you’re thinking of some sort of face covering. What are your options?
First, please don’t purchase masks commercially, if by some miracle you could find them now. Commercially made PPE must be reserved for medical personnel at this time. Unfortunately, the shortage of commercially made PPE, and the shortage of foresight that caused us to be in such a position of shortage, is probably why we initially acquired this messaging of "Masks don’t work!" They do, of us just didn’t want you to realize it for a while, to keep away from a run on masks. Think of the empty shelves in supermarkets throughout America where bathroom paper used to live, and also you perceive why.
The simplest thing you are able to do to masks NOW are to use supplies around the house. Get creative; anything that covers the mouth and nose and stays in place will work.

While it’s best if the masks suits well and there are not any gaps between your face and the outside air, don’t hand over in your homemade masks when you can’t achieve that. Any face covering will preserve you from touching the skin around your nostril and mouth directly, which may grow to be crucial mechanism by which masks block virus transmission. When you inadvertently contact your face while you’re wearing a mask, you’ll just contact the masks, not your skin.
You can attempt to form your face covering using pipe cleaners or opened-up rubber-coated paper clips in the half that goes over your nostril to make a tighter fit — experiment. The most important thing is that you simply wash your palms, put in your face covering, and go out of the house protected.